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What is SOPEP and its purpose onboard a ship?

 SOPEP: - Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan
As per MARPOL Annex 1, Regulation 37: 
Every oil tanker of 150GRT and above and every ship other than oil tanker of 400GRT & above shall carry onboard a SOPEP approved by the administration.
The SOPEP consists of: -
1. The procedure to be followed by Master & other person having charge of the ship to report an Oil Pollution incident.
2. The list of authorities or persons to be contacted in event of Oil Pollution incident.
3. A detailed description of the action to be taken immediately by persons onboard to reduce or control the discharge of oil.
4. The procedures & point of contact on the ship for coordinating ship board action with national & local authorities.

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