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Explain Camber in ship construction and its advantage?


This article explains the definition and purposes of camber, sheer and flare.

Camber
Camber is the rise of the deck from the ships side to the centerline,



Purpose
a) to facilitate drainage of water,
b) Increase the resistance to deflection under load;
c) Standard camber is parabolic and approximately 1/50th of the breadth of the ship. Modern ships have "dog-log' camber where they are level across the deck between the hatches then dropping in a straight line to the deck at side.
d) the upper deck were to be constructed flat, the humps & hollows that occur due to welding distortion would delay complete drainage.

Flare and its purpose

Sheer and its purpose

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